National, regional, or local?
Synergy and innovation policy in German innovation systems
Method: Quantitative data analysis
Based on a quantitative analysis of more than 3 million company data based on the Triple Helix Indicator, research was carried out on the extent to which innovation systems at local, regional and national level are interlinked in Germany. Of particular interest is the question at which level of government policy can most effectively participate in the bi-directional exchange of knowledge in the innovation process.
The results show that in Germany, in particular at regional level (government districts – NUTS2) and local level (counties/district-free cities – NUTS3), innovation systems generate systemic synergy. For policy makers and non-university research organisations, this means that transfer within the region should be strengthened, for example by involving the regions in the development of research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3).
The Working Paper is available on SSRN: Ruhrmann, Henriette and Fritsch, Michael and Leydesdorff, Loet, Smart Specialization Strategies at National, Regional, or Local Levels? Synergy and Policy-making in German Systems of Innovation (April 15, 2020) <https: ssrn.com/abstract="3577495">.</https:>